Effects of Trace Elements and Antimycotics to Manage Rice Blast Disease Caused by Pyricularia oryzae

Fatima Maira, Shahbaz T. Sahi, Safdar Ali, Muhammad A. Khan

Abstract


Rice blast disease caused by Pyricularia oryzae causes significant yield losses. Sixteen commercial cultivars of fine rice from Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku, Punjab, Pakistan were assessed for genomic resistance years as well as the efficacy of trace elements and antimycotics for two consecutive years (2021-22).  Two varieties (Super Basmati and Basmati-370) were found highly susceptible, while KSK 133 was observed resistant, RC-8, CHECK, RC-7, PKBR21-8 and PK11876-1-2 were moderately resistant, KSK-282, RC-6, PKBR21-12,PKBR2-1 and PK11661-2-3 were moderately susceptible and the variety C1,C2 and C3 were susceptible against the disease. In management of the disease, combination of thiophanate methyl, tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin, and fosetyle-aluminium was more effective with minimum disease severity of 11.89% and 11.69%.  In a moderatley susceptible vareity the application of thiophanate methyl and fosetyle-aluminium also effectively suppressed the disease severity 17.83% and 16.90% respectively. Tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin combination was less effective against the disease (36.67% and 36.51%). The combination of copper, zinc, and boron suppressed the disease to the maximum with disease severity of 9.681% and 9.62%. Overall, respective combinations of both fungicides and trace elements were found to be the most effective in controlling rice blast disease


Keywords


Antimycotics; Pyricularia oryzae; Trace element

References


Acharya, B., S. M. Shrestha, H. K. Manandhar and B. Chaudhary. 2019. Screening of local, improved and hybrid rice genotypes against leaf blast disease (Pyricularia oryzae) at Banke district, Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2: 36-52.

Arshad, H., J. Khan and F. Jamil. 2008. Screening of rice germplasm against blast and brown spot diseases. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 20: 52-59.

De-xi, L., X. Xian-yi, W. Chang-xuan, L. Xi-ping, J. Teng-jiao and F. Qi. 2019. Mental health assessment for online forum users based on multi-feature fusion [J]. Chinese Journal of Computers, 42: 1553-69.

Fernandez, J. and K. Orth. 2018. Rise of a cereal killer: the biology of Magnaporthe oryzae biotrophic growth. Trends in microbiology, 26: 582-97.

Gupta, U. C. and S. C. Gupta. 1998. Trace element toxicity relationships to crop production and livestock and human health: Implications for management. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 29: 1491-522.

Hayasaka, D., K. Suzuki, T. Korenaga, F. Saito-Morooka, T. Nomura, K. Fukasawa, F. Sánchez-Bayo and K. Goka. 2013. Effects of two successive annual treatments of two systemic insecticides, imidacloprid and fipronil, on dragonfly nymph communities in experimental paddies. Japanese Journal of Pesticide Science, 38: 101-07.

Huang, X., S. Yang, J. Gong, Y. Zhao, Q. Feng, H. Gong, W. Li, Q. Zhan, B. Cheng and J. Xia. 2015. Genomic analysis of hybrid rice varieties reveals numerous superior alleles that contribute to heterosis. Nature communications, 6: 6258.

IRRI. 1996. Standard evaluation system for rice. International Rice Research Institute. Los Baanos, Philippines.

Junjie, Y., Y. Mina, S. Tianqiao, C. Huijuan, Y. Mingli, P. Xiayan, Q. Zhongqiang, D. Yan, Z. Rongsheng and Y. Xiaole. 2021. UvSMEK1, a suppressor of MEK null, regulates pathogenicity, conidiation and conidial germination in rice false smut fungus Ustilaginoidea virens. Rice Science, 28: 457-65.

Kongcharoen, N., N. Kaewsalong and T. Dethoup. 2020. Efficacy of fungicides in controlling rice blast and dirty panicle diseases in Thailand. Scientific Reports, 10: 16233.

Kumar, N. and I. Mukherjee. 2013. Effect of soil physicochemical properties on adsorption of tricyclazole. International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, 4: 391-96.

Mohiddin, F. A., N. A. Bhat, S. H. Wani, A. H. Bhat, M. A. Ahanger, A. B. Shikari, N. R. Sofi, S. Parveen, G. H. Khan and Z. Bashir. 2021. Combination of strobilurin and triazole chemicals for the management of blast disease in mushk budji-aromatic rice. Journal of Fungi, 7: 1060.

Nadeem, F., M. A. Hanif, M. I. Majeed and Z. Mushtaq. 2018. Role of macronutrients and micronutrients in the growth and development of plants and prevention of deleterious plant diseases: A comprehensive review. International Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Sciences, 13: 31-52.

Pak, D., M. P. You, V. Lanoiselet and M. J. Barbetti. 2017. Azoxystrobin and propiconazole offer significant potential for rice blast (Pyricularia oryzae) management in Australia. European journal of plant pathology, 148: 247-59.

Pati, S., B. Pal, S. Badole, G. C. Hazra and B. Mandal. 2016. Effect of silicon fertilization on growth, yield, and nutrient uptake of rice. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 47: 284-90.

Raj, R. and P. Pannu. 2017. Management of rice blast with different fungicides and potassium silicate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Journal of Plant Pathology, 99: 707-12.

Rehman, A., L. Jingdong, A. A. Chandio, M. Shabbir and I. Hussain. 2017. Economic outlook of rice crops in Pakistan: A time series analysis (1970–2015). In, Financial innovation. Springer.

Sester, M., H. Raveloson, D. Tharreau and J. Dusserre. 2014. Conservation agriculture cropping system to limit blast disease in upland rainfed rice. Plant Pathology, 63: 373-81.

Shahriar, S. A., A. A. Imtiaz, M. B. Hossain, A. Husna and M. N. K. Eaty. 2020. Rice blast disease. Annual Research and Review in Biology, 13: 50-64.

Sharma, R. and S. Shukla. 2020. Effect of trace elements Zn, B, Mg and Cu on the growth and sporulation of Pyricularia oryzae, the causal organism of blast disease of rice. Current Botany, 11: 121-24.

Variar, M., D. Maiti and V. Shukla. 1993. Efficacy of combination of fungicide formulations on management of rice-blast (Pyricularia oryzae) in rainfed upland. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 63: 386-89.

Xiao, N., Y. Wu, C. Pan, L. Yu, Y. Chen, G. Liu, Y. Li, X. Zhang, Z. Wang and Z. Dai. 2017. Improving of rice blast resistances in japonica by pyramiding major R genes. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7: 1918.

Xing, Y., J. Wang, J. Xia, Z. Liu, Y. Zhang, Y. Du and W. Wei. 2019. A pilot study on using biochars as sustainable amendments to inhibit rice uptake of Hg from a historically polluted soil in a Karst region of China. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 170: 18-24.

Yadav, M. K., S. Aravindan, U. Ngangkham, S. Raghu, S. Prabhukarthikeyan, U. Keerthana, B. Marndi, T. Adak, S. Munda and R. Deshmukh. 2019. Blast resistance in Indian rice landraces: Genetic dissection by gene specific markers. PloS One, 14: e0211061.

Zeng, Z., H. Zhang, T. Zhang, S. Tamogami and J. Y. Chen. 2009. Analysis of flavor volatiles of glutinous rice during cooking by combined gas chromatography–mass spectrometry with modified headspace solid-phase microextraction method. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 22: 347-53.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33687/phytopath.013.01.4917

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2024 Fatima Maira

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.