IMPACT OF WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN GIRD ZONE OF MADHYA PRADESH
A study was conducted during 2010-11 in Budhara micro watershed in Ambah block of Morena district of Madhya Pradesh. To assess the impact of watershed development programme a benchmark survey was under taken on management practices. Positive effect of progrmme was noticed an increase in area of arhar and wheat while productivity of gram and arhar was increased with a change in arable area, agricultural area, irrigated area, cropping intensity, water resources and area of horticultural crops. Micro and macro soil nutrients and its availability were also increased. However, the cattle population was also increased due to sufficient water and fodder availability. Using modern inputs like high yielding varieties, chemical fertilizers, irrigation and plant protection measures, etc. productivity of crops can be increased. The co-ordination of farmers and government functionaries, land development activities were some of the measures for improving the Budhara Micro Watershed. Better co-ordination between development agencies and voluntary organizations is also essential for effective implementation of watershed programme.
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