Problems of integrated farming systems: a comparative analysis of Punjab state of India and Rangpur division of Bangladesh

Md. Mohiuddin Sheikh, Tejinder S. Riar, Lovleesh Garg, A. K. M. Kanak Pervez


The present study was carried out in the Punjab Province of India and the Rangpur Division of Bangladesh. This study aims to identify and analyze the problems faced by the farmers in practicing Integrated Farming Systems (IFS). The problems were analyzed by computing the Problem Facing Index (PFI) score by the farmers and the expert members.  Lack of marketing products from various IFS components had the farmers' perception of the highest PFI (285 and 52). From the expert members in Punjab part, the same problem was ranked 3rd by the farmers and expert members in Bangladesh.  Lack of coordinated extension services was ranked 1st both by the farmers (PFI, 295) and expert members (PFI, 54) in Bangladesh part which was rated 7th by the farmers (6th by the expert members) in the Punjab. The problem is the lack of IFS model demonstrations ranked 2nd by the farmers (5th ranking by expert members) in the Punjab, which had 4th ranking by the farmers and the expert members in the Bangladesh side. Besides, the high initial cost was rated 3rd by the farmers (2nd by the expert members) in Punjab study areas, which was ranked 2nd most important problems by the farmers and expert members from the Bangladesh part. Component-wise problems were also assessed and rated separately. It was suggested that developing location-specific IFS models through research activities, the establishment of agro-processing industries, coordinated extension services, proper marketing channels, and ensuring product price would support important initiatives for improving IFS.


Agricultural Extension; Comparative analysis; Integrated farming system; Problems; Punjab; Rangpur division


Agricultural Diary. 2021. Agricultural Information Service, Govt. Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp 20-25. Place Published.

AIRAS. 2020. All India Report on Agriculture Census-2020. 2015-16 (2020), Department of agriculture, cooperation & farmers welfare, ministry of agriculture & farmers welfare, government of India. Place Published.

Anonymous. 2018. Know Punjab'. Government of Punjab, India. Retrieved on 02 January 2021 from Place Published.

Biswas, C. and R. Singh. 2003. Integrated farming system: an intensity approach. Intensive Agriculture, 41: 22-23.

FAO. 1993. Soil Loss Accelerating Worldwide, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. Place Published.

Garrett, R., O. Cortner, J. D. Gil, J. C. dos Reis, J. Ferreira and J. F. Valentim. 2020. Challenges and opportunities for the adoption of integrated farming systems: lessons from Brazil and beyond. In Embrapa Agrossilvipastoril-Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE). In: International Symposium on Agricultural Technology Adoption, 1., 2019, Campo Grande, MS. Studies, methods and experiences: abstracts. Campo Grande, MS: Embrapa Gado de Corte, 2020.

Government of India. 2020. Pocket Book of Agricultural Statistics. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, India. Place Published.

Jayan, T. V. 2018. 'India's bread basket has no 'dough' @businessline. Retrieved 11 September 2020.Place Published.

Kachru, R. 2010. Agro-processing industries in India: Growth, status and prospects. Journal Indonesian Agroindustries, 13: 167-81.

Khairul Islam, M., M. Mahmud Alam, M. Forhad Uddin and G. Mohammad Omar Faruque. 2020. Coordination and Profit Optimization by Producer-Distributor System of Agricultural Products in Bangladesh. American Journal of Applied Mathematics, 8: 22.

Patidar, M. 2012. Silvipastoral approach to combat fodder crises during drought. Feeding and Management of Livestock During Drought and Scarcity: 161.

Ponnusamy, K. and M. K. Devi. 2017. Impact of integrated farming system approach on doubling farmers’ income. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 30.

Pushpa, J. 2010. Constraints in various integrated farming systems. Agriculture Update, 5: 370-74.

Quddus, M. 2009. Role of agro-industry in Bangladesh economy: An empirical analysis of linkages and multipliers. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 32: 31-48.

Quddus, M. A. 2013. Adoption of dairy farming technologies by small farm holders: practices and constraints. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 41: 124-35.

Rahman, M. S. 2012. Profitability Analysis of Rearing Fingerlings and Pond Fish Farming: An empirical study from Netrokona District in Bangladesh. International Research Journal of Applied Life Sciences, 1.

Sasikala, V., R. Tiwari and M. Saravanan. 2015. A review on integrated farming systems. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary, 3: 319-28.

Sheheli, S. 2012. Improving livelihood of rural women through income generating activities in Bangladesh. Doctoral Thesis. Bangladesh Agricultural University.

Sheikh, M. M., T. S. Riar and A. K. M. K. Pervez. 2021. Integrated Farming Systems: A Review of Farmers Friendly Approaches. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology: 88-99.

Singh, J. P., B. Gangwar, D. K. Pandey and S. A. Kochewad. 2011. Integrated farming system model for small farm holders of western plain zone of Uttar Pradesh. PDFSR Bulletin No. 05, Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Meerut, 58p. Place Published.

Uddin, M. T., M. A. Khan and M. M. Islam. 2016. Integrated farming and its impact on farmers livelihood in Bangladesh. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 13: 61-79.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33687/ijae.010.01.3889


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 A.K.M. Kanak Pervez

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.