Familiarizing livestock advisory services to reduce cattle raiding in South Sudan
In South Sudan, cattle raiding is an enduring practice among many communities and leads by cultural norms and customs. The issue has become challenging to the development of the livestock sector in the country. For the last 5-6 years 2015 to 2020, thousands of cattle heads were stolen from the cattle camps, many life were lost during the raid, and many developmental projects were immobile. Extension in reducing cattle raiding has been seen as significant by the government, community chiefs of the rural areas, youth leaders, women, and NGOs working in the livestock sector. The improvement of the extension's role is an essential factor for reducing cattle raids among South Sudan communities. The extension can bring development opportunities, facilities, and empowerment. Accordingly, by reviewing the literature, this paper fact out which asset is necessary to reduce cattle raids. Also, the paper examines how an extension could mitigate cattle raiding through mediation. The recompenses of extension as the solution for competing cattle raids have been emphasized. The paper recommends that advisory service should have extensive training program on. on social change, building resilience through community-enhancing livelihoods, and shifting their mindsets from cattle raiding to accumulate wealth to ensure productive asset creation. The Advisory services should work as alarming tools for any expected raiding casualties in their working area.
Agriculture and Livestock Extension Task Force. 2011. National Agriculture and Livestock Extension, Policy(NALEP) http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/ssd150787.pdf.
Athman, M., J. Banak, C. Purna, B. Simon, K. Louis, A. David and A. Mark. 2009. Situational Assessment of Community Based Animal Health Workers in Western Equatoria, Western Bahr El Ghazal, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Lakes and Warrap States, Southern Sudan. The Sudan Productive Capacity Recovery Programme. Juba: OSRO/SUD/623/MUL, FAO, Juba-South Sudan
Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler. 2005. Resource Rents, Governance, and Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49: 625-33.
FAO. 2015. South Sudan Livestock Crisis: Update, August 2015. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/emergencies/docs/FAOSS%20Livestock%20Crisis%20 Update%202015.pdf.
FAO. 2019. Introduction to Farmer Field Schools. A Reader for Institutions of Higher Learning. .
Fishbein, M. and I. Ajzen. 2011. Predicting and Changing Behavior Psychology Press.
Idris. 2018. Livestock and conflict in South Sudan. K4D Helpdesk Report.
IFAD. 2018. IFAD South Sudan. https://www.ifad.org/documents/38714182/40258201/PCRV_SSLDP_SouthSudan_2018.pdf.
Leff, J. 2009. Pastoralists at war: Violence and security in the Kenya-Sudan-Uganda border region. International Journal of Conflict and Violence (IJCV), 3: 188-203.
MAF; MARF. 2011. Ministry Of Agriculture Forestry and Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries Agriculture and Livestock Extension Task Force, JubaNational Agriculture and Livestock Extension Policy (NALEP) http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/ssd150787.pdf.
McLean, S. 2007. University Extension and Social Change: Positioning a University of the People in Saskatchewan. Adult Education Quarterly, 58: 3-21.
Olson, S. and A. Robertson. 2012. Adapting Agricultural Extension to Peacebuilding: Report of a Workshop by the National Academy of Engineering and United States Institute of Peace: Roundtable on Technology, Science, and Peacebuilding National Academies Press.
Rudramoorthy, B. 1964. Extension in Planned Social Change, the Indian Experience.
Schutz, M. M. and J. S. Ayres. 2005. Extension's Role in Conflict Resolution and Consumer Education. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14: 406-13.
Wild, H., J. M. Jok and R. Patel. 2018. The militarization of cattle raiding in South Sudan: how a traditional practice became a tool for political violence. Journal of International Humanitarian Action, 3.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 James Drfoun Amol Ajak
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.