Applicability of teaching aids in extension education

Aamna S. Khan, Irshad Ullah


Transference of the bookish knowledge is not enough for effective teaching so teaching should be supplemented with new teaching models or new emerging technology. However, do the students give importance to teaching aids for better instruction and learning? is the concerned area. This question is answered in this study by identifying the importance of teaching aids from students’ perspectives. Data were collected through the questionnaires from secondary school students (aged 14-15 years). Collected data were analysed by employing frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Findings indicated that teaching aids bring accuracy to get first-hand knowledge for obtaining the desirable objectives among students. Students’ learning becomes easy, quick and long-lasting as these aids leave high level of impressions on students’ mind and behaviour eventually. Teaching aids are helpful for teaching difficulty and complex concepts. No one can deny the importance of teaching aids in students’ learning. This study urges more practice of technology aids in teaching and training process either being practiced formally or non-formally. 


Instructional technology; Educational technology; Teaching aids; Basic material; Non-basic material


Abbas, N. 1998. A comparative study of the availability and utilization of physical/instructional facilities in public and private secondary schools. Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University. Rawalpindi.

Abdullah, R. N., J. Abdul Muait and G. Ganefri. 2019. Students’ perception towards modern technology as teaching Aids. Asian Journal of Assessment in Teaching and Learning, 9: 37-42.

Adebayo, O. O. and S. Q. Adigun. 2018. Impact Of Instructional Aids On Students’ Academic Performance In Physics In Secondary Schools In Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14: 366.

Aggarwal, J. 1995. Essentials Of Educational Technology Teaching Learninig Invovations In Education.

Aggarwal, J. C. 2014. Essentials of Educational Teaching Learning Innovation in Education. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. Place Published.

Al-khresheh, M. H., A. Khaerurrozikin and A. H. Zaid. 2020. The Efficiency of Using Pictures in Teaching Speaking Skills of Non-native Arabic Beginner Students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8: 872-78.

Ali, I. 2002. Development model of using audio visual aids for literacy program Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad.

Alshatri, S. H. H., K. Wakil, K. Jamal and R. Bakhtyar. 2019. Teaching Aids Effectiveness in Learning Mathematics. International Journal of Educational Research Review: 448-53.

Ashfaq, M. 2009. A study to evaluate the availability and utilization of teaching aids at secondary school level (Unpublished master thesis). Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi.

Chandra, R. 2005. Technology Integration in Education. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications. pp. 3-4.

Ellington. 2003. Handbook of Educational Technology (3rd ed.). New Jersey: Kogan Pvt. Ltd. p. 15.

Eric, J. 2007. Strategies to put instruction ahead of technology. National Association of Secondary School Principals.

Gillani, N. S. 2005. Effectiveness of instructional technology in teaching Biology to secondary school students. Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi.

Harris, D. N. and T. R. Sass. 2007. Teacher training, teacher quality and student achievement. Test accounts.

Ismail, S. A. A. 2011. Student Teachers‟ Microteaching Experiences in a Preservice English Teacher Education Program. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2.

Isman, A., H. Yaratan and H. Caner. 2007. How Technology Is Integrated into Science Education in a Developing Country: North Cyprus Case. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 6: 54-60.

Jacob, B. and L. Lefgren. 2002. The Impact of Teacher Training on Student Achievement: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from School Reform Efforts in Chicago. National Bureau of Economic Research.

Khan, A. S. 2011. Effects of Teaching Chemistry through Concept Formation Teaching Model on Students' Achievement. Language in India, 11.

Khan, A. S. and M. Q. Rind. 2012. Instructional technology: a tool of effective learning. pp.1.

Khan, H. H. 1998. The Effectiveness of Audio Visual Aids in the Subject of Science at Elementary Level in District Bannu. Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi.

Lei, J. and Y. Zhao. 2007. Technology uses and student achievement: A longitudinal study. Computers & Education, 49: 284-96.

Marshall. 2002. Educational technology. Retrieved from.

Mills, G. E. and L. R. Gay. 2016. Education research: Competencies for analysis and applications. London, England: Pearson Education. 2, 1.

Mughal, R. A. 2015. A comparative study of the application of audio-visual aids at secondary school level in Islamabad and Rawalpindi (Unpublished master thesis). Preston University, Kohat.

Nasab, M. Z., R. Esmaeili and H. N. Sarem. 2015. The use of teaching aids and their positive impact on student learning elementary school. International Academic Journal of Social Sciences, 2: 22-27.

Perveen, T. 2003. A comparison of the availability of the educational facilities and their impact on the quality of education in public and private school of Lahore Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi.

Rashid, M. H. 1998. Educational Technology. Karachi: Kamal Printers. pp. 8-10.

Rasul, S., Q. Bukhsh and S. Batool. 2011. A study to analyze the effectiveness of audio visual aids in teaching learning process at uvniversity level. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 28: 78-81.

Seven, M. A. and A. O. Engin. 2007. The Importance and Effect of Using Aid Materials in Foreign Language Teaching. Online Submission.

Shashank, R. J. 2005. Teaching of Science. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House. p. 27. Place Published.

Van Der Sijde, P. C. 1989. The effect of a brief teacher training on student achievement. Teaching and Teacher Education, 5: 303-14.

Walking, L. 1987. Instructional Techniques and Practice. Press Avon.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33687/ijae.009.02.3464


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Aamna Saleem Khan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.