Investigating the factors that affect the adoption of organic agriculture in Asokwa, Kumasi Metropolis
Urban agriculture, particularly organic vegetable production is promoted because of its contribution to food security and enhanced income. More so, organic agriculture considerably enhances the income of urban farmers who practice it. The objective was to investigate the factors that affect farmers' decision to adopt organic agriculture. Due to the contamination of vegetables with conventional agriculture systems, increasing concerns about the quality of food, the health of consumers and the environmental impacts of farming systems, organic agriculture is being promoted by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture as a means of addressing the problem. Since the introduction of organic agriculture, some farmers have adopted the technology while others have not. Sixteen farmers were selected, ten from those adopting and six from those not adopting. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used to extract data from the participants. For those who adopted, the knowledge of their parents and forefathers on agriculture and their personal experiences by comparing their organic produce with conventional ones greatly inspired their decision on adoption. Factors leading to non-adoption are: inadequate awareness about organic farming, difficulty in controlling pests, diseases and improving soil fertility and perceived lack of market for the organic vegetables. As a result, effective extension monitoring and training are recommended to enhance the adoption and sustainability of organic agriculture.
Ackerman, K., M. Conard, P. Culligan, R. Plunz, M.-P. Sutto and L. Whittinghill. 2014. Sustainable food systems for future cities: The potential of urban agriculture. The economic and social review, 45: 189–206-189–206.
Armar-Klemesu, M. 2000. Urban agriculture and food security, nutrition and health. Growing cities, growing food. Urban agriculture on the policy agenda: 99-118.
Ashely, R., A. Bishop, J. Dennis, J. French, P. Gardam, L. Butler, V. Trebilco, D. O'Donnell, G. Heazlewood and P. Simmul. 2007. Intensive organic vegetable production: integrated development.
Badami, M. G. and N. Ramankutty. 2015. Urban agriculture and food security: A critique based on an assessment of urban land constraints. Global Food Security, 4: 8-15.
Best, H. 2010. Environmental Concern and the Adoption of Organic Agriculture. Society & Natural Resources, 23: 451-68.
Cabral, P. G. C., E. Maciel-Zambolim, S. A. S. Oliveira, E. T. Caixeta and L. Zambolim. 2015. Genetic diversity and structure ofHemileia vastatrixpopulations onCoffeaspp. Plant Pathology, 65: 196-204.
Dennery, P. 1996. Urban food producers’ decision-making: a case study of Kibera, City of Nairobi, Kenya. African Urban Quarterly, 11: 189-200.
Drechsel, P., S. Graefe and M. Fink. 2007. Rural-urban food, nutrient and virtual water flows in selected West African cities IWMI.
Drechsel, P. and B. Keraita. 2014. Irrigated urban vegetable production in Ghana: characteristics, benefits and risk mitigationInternational Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Duží, B., A. Tóth, M. Bihuňová and R. Stojanov. 2014. Challenges of urban agriculture: highlights on the Czech and Slovak Republic specifics. Current Challenges of Central Europe: Society and Environment: 82-107.
Eigenbrod, C. and N. Gruda. 2014. Urban vegetable for food security in cities. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35: 483-98.
FAO. 2006. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Online available at [Accessed 8 June 2020].
FAO/WHO. 2005. The Codex Alimentarius Commission and the FAO/WHO Food Standards. Programme. Guidelines for the Production, Processing, Marketing, and Labelling of Organically Produced Foods.
Freeman, D. B. 1991. City of farmers: Informal urban agriculture in the open spaces of Nairobi, Kenya McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP.
Golden, H. E. and N. Hoghooghi. 2017. Green infrastructure and its catchment-scale effects: an emerging science. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 5: e1254.
Gonzales, N. M. 1999. Urban Agriculture in the City of Havana. Delivered at international workshop Growing Cities Growing Food (DSE/GTZ/SIDA/CTA/ACPA). La Habana, German Foundation for International Development (DSE).
Gonzalez, M., K. S. B. Miglioranza, J. E. Aizpún de Moreno and V. J. Moreno. 2005. Evaluation of conventionally and organically produced vegetables for high lipophilic organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 43: 261-69.
Gumbo, D. J. and T. W. Ndiripo. 1996. Open space cultivation in Zimbabwe: A case study of Greater Harare, Zimbabwe. African Urban Quarterly, 11: 210-16.
Kristiansen, P. E. 2003. Sustainable weed management in organic herb and vegetable production, University of New England.
Lee-Smith, D., M., Manundu, D., Lamba, P., Gathuru K. . 1957. (1957). Urban Food Production and The Cooking Fuel Situation in Urban Kenya - National Report: Results of 1985 National Survey. . Mazingira Institute, Nairobi.
Mader, P. 2002. Soil Fertility and Biodiversity in Organic Farming. Science, 296: 1694-97.
Mamuya, W. B. 2011. Assessing the impacts of organic farming on domestic and exporting smallholder farming households in Tanzania: a comparative analysis Bangor University (United Kingdom).
Mandel, L. 2013. Eat up: The inside scoop on rooftop agriculture New Society Publishers.
Maxwell, D., C. Levin and J. Csete. 1998. Does urban agriculture help prevent malnutrition? Evidence from Kampala. Food Policy, 23: 411-24.
Mbiba, B. 1994. Institutional responses to uncontrolled urban cultivation in Harare: prohibitive or accommodative? Environment and Urbanization, 6: 188-202.
McEldowney, J. 2017. Urban agriculture in Europe. Patterns, challenges and policies. Depth Analysis.
Ministry of Food and Agriculture. 2007. Food and Agriculture Sector Development Policy Accra: Ghana.
Murray, S. 1997. Urban and Peri-Urban Forestry in Quito, Ecuador: A Case Study. Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
Piorr, A., I. Zasada, A. Doernberg, F. Zoll and W. Ramme. 2018. Research for AGRI Committee-Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in the EU European Parliament.
Poulsen, M. N., P. R. McNab, M. L. Clayton and R. A. Neff. 2015. A systematic review of urban agriculture and food security impacts in low-income countries. Food Policy, 55: 131-46.
Ravallion, M., S. Chen and P. Sangraula. 2007. New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty. Population and development review, 33: 667-701.
Regis, M. D. 1999. Horticultura urbana en Haiti. Taller de evaluacion." Presented at IDRC Cities Feeding People.
Renting, H., C. Naneix, M. Dubbeling and J. Cai. 2013. Innovative experiences with multifunctional (peri-) urban agriculture in city regions in the global South. SUPURBFOOD deliverable, 3.
Samson, R., T. F. Ningal, A. Tiwary, R. Grote, S. Fares, H. Saaroni, J. A. Hiemstra, M. Zhiyanski, U. Vilhar, P. Cariñanos, L. Järvi, A. Przybysz, M. Moretti and N. Zürcher. 2017. Species-Specific Information for Enhancing Ecosystem Services Future City. Springer International Publishing. pp. 111-44.
Santo, R., Palmer, A. and Brent, K., . 2016. Vacant Lots to Vibrant Plots: A Review of the Benefits and Limitations of Urban Agriculture. Baltimore.
Simon-Rojo, M., X. Recanes, S. Cllau, B. Duzi, S. Eiter, V. Hernández-Jiménez, P. Kettle, R. Laviscio, F. Lohrberg and D. Pickard. 2016. From urban food gardening to urban farming.
Smukler, S. M., L. E. Jackson, L. Murphree, R. Yokota, S. T. Koike and R.
F. Smith. 2008. Transition to large-scale organic vegetable production in the Salinas Valley, California. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 126: 168-88.
UN Habitat. 2012. Urban Patterns for A Green Economy: Working with Nature. UN Habitat, Nairobi. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 17 June 2020].
UNEP-UNCTAD. 2008. Organic Agriculture and Food Security in Africa; United Nations: New York, NY, USA.
Willer, H. and J. Lernoud. 2019. The world of organic agriculture. Statistics and emerging trends 2019 Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL and IFOAM Organics International
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Frank Yeboah Adusei
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.