ENHANCING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN JORDAN
This paper provides a review of the agricultural extension system in Jordan, with a focus on strengths and constraints, as well as options for how to improve efficiency in service delivery and efficacy in outcomes. While public extension in Jordan has gone through many reforms and phases over the past three decades, contemporary concerns related to regional conflict and blockages in access to traditional trade routes require a repositioning of extension and advisory services within the Kingdom. This need is further strengthened by persistent pressure on the use of water resources that is well above natural recharge rates. Both international donors supporting the Kingdom in dealing with the mass influx of Syrian refugees, as well as the government itself, will require significant contemplation over how to shift some of these funds towards research and extension activities that seek new markets for a range of products that are competitive internationally given the need for costly air freight. Equally important, and connected to international community demands for employment of Syrian refugees within Jordan is attention to skills training, matching of skills with demands of employers, as well as access to profitable agricultural value chains for both refugees as well as host communities within which refugees are placed. This will require a meaningful change in the manner that agricultural extension and advisory services are delivered, with more attention to aspects of social work and care – an area that receives little attention within agricultural education curriculums – and reform of agricultural education more generally.
Akroush, S., Dhehibi, B. & Aw-Hassan, A. (2016). Agricultural Growth Accounting and Total Factor Productivity in Jordan: Trends, Determinants, and Future Challenges. International Journal of Productivity Management and Assessment Technologies, 4 (1), 1-13.
CIA, factbook. (2014). Available at: Jordan Economy 2014. Retrieved from www. theodora.com/wfbcurrent/jordan_economy.html.
EPC, (2016). Jordan Economic Growth Plan 2018-2022. The Economic Policy Council, 116 p. Retrieved from https://rhc.jo/sites/default/files/JEPGReportEn.pdf.
EU, (2012). EU pre-identification mission 2012. Support to agricultural development in Jordan. Final Draft Report. Volume II.
Jansouz, P., Shahraki, J. & Shaeri, Z. (2013). Agricultural Efficiency in MENA countries. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5 (19).2303-2307.
JRP, (2015). Jordan Response Plan (JRP). Analysis Report for 2016-2018.
IMF, (2013). Freedom and Bread Go Together. Finance and Development, 2013, 50,1.
Malkawi, K. (2014). Unemployment among youths in Jordan almost double int’l average — study. May 08, 2014. The Jordan Times.
Mayrhauser, M. (2012). Water shortages in Jordan. Blog, 2 p. Retrieved from http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2012/06/20/water-shortages-in-jordan/.
MWI, (2011). Ministry of Water and Irrigation, (2011). Annual report 2011.
Khawaja, M. (2012). Jordan modernizing agricultural sector to boost earning. Retrieved from http://www.arabiangazette.com/jordan-agricultural-earnings/.
UNHCR, (2016). Jordan Regional Refugee Response Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal: Retrieved from http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php.
USAID, (2005). Assessment of agricultural extension services in Jordan valley and Amman=Zarqa basin highlands in Jordan. Technical report, 36 p.
USAID CDCS, (2012). Jordan. Country development cooperation strategy, 2013-2017.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Boubaker Dhehibi, Shinan N. Kassam, Aden Aw-Hassan, Jamal Al Rusheidat
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.