EVIDENCE FROM COFFEE PEST MANAGEMENT LEARNING GROUPS IN BUGISU SUB REGION, UGANDA
This study was conducted in Uganda to determine whether socio-economic factors influence farmer participation in mixed sex coffee Integrated Pest Management group processes mobilized by the USAID funded Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research (IPM CRSP) Program in Uganda. The study used a cross sectional research design and a total 126 (71 men and 55 women) coffee IPM group members were purposively selected. A participation index was computed as a measure of level of participation in group processes. The ordered probit regression model was used to analyze determinants of level of participation in coffee IPM groups processes. Findings revealed that about 46% of the men compared to 25% women rated high on the group participation index with a significant chi-square difference (p< 0.05). Membership in economic groups, being a man, access to extension services, age, total number of household labor and participation in non-farm income generating activities significantly and positively influenced group participation. Factors that had a negative significant influence were experience of farmers in coffee production, and household size. The study concluded that research and development approaches that utilize groups should identify and address barriers to women’s participation and benefits from mixed sex group processes. The approaches should use methods suited to younger farmers and those with limited experience in coffee production, no off-farm income options and those not in groups.
Agarwal, B., (2001). Participatory exclusions, community forestry, and gender: an analysis for South Asia and a conceptual framework. World Development 29, 1623–1648.
Angba A. O., Itari P. (2012) Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Community Development Organizations in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. 8(1): Page numbers? Canadian Social Science, 8(1), 54.
Beard, V. A. (2005). Individual Determinants of Participation in Community Development in Indonesia. Government and Policy, 23(1), 21-39.
Bennin, S., Nkonya, E., Oketcho, G., Randriamamonji, J., Kato, E., Lubade, G., Byekwaso, F. (2008). Impact Evaluation of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) in Uganda. Final draft.
Chambers R. (2005) Ideas for Development, London: Institute for Development Studies. Coleman, E. A., & Mwangi, E. (2013). Women's participation in forest management: A cross-country analysis. Global Environmental Change, 23(1), 193-205.
Danielsen S. (2011) Narrowing the gap between between agriculture and health: Applying a health systems approach to plant healthcare. Poster presented at International Conference on ”Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health”. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). 10-12 February 2011, New Delhi, India.
Datta, D. (2007). Sustainability of community based organizations of the rural poor: learning from CONCERN’s rural development projects, Bangladesh, Community Development Journal, 42 (1), 47–62 .
Davis, K., Nkonya, E., Kato, D. A., Mekonnen, M., Odendo, R. M., & Nkuba, J. (2010). Impact of Farmer Field Schools on Agricultural Productivity and Poverty in Uganda. IFPRI Discussion Paper 00992 June 2010.
Ekunwe, P.A and Emokaro, C.O. (2009). Technical Efficiency of Catfish Farmers in Kaduna, Nigeria, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 5(7), 802-805.
Erbaugh, J. M., Donnermeyer, J., Amujal, M., & Kidoido, M. (2010). Assessing the impact of farmer field school participation on IPM adoption in Uganda. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education, 17(3), 5-17.
Erbaugh M. (2011).IPM of the white stem borer and root mealy bugs on Arabica coffee in the Mt Elgon region in Uganda.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2011). ‘The state of food and agriculture: Women in agriculture, closing the gender gap for development. The State of Food Agriculture Rome, FAO: 158.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2015) ‘Running out of time: The reduction of women’s work burden in agricultural production’, Rome: FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2016) ‘The Gender and Equity Implications of Land-Related Investments by Producer Organizations in Malawi’ Forthcoming. Rome: FAO.
Farid, K.S., L. Mozumdar, M.S. Kabir & U.K. Goswami (2009). “Nature And Extent of Rural Women’s Participation in Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Activities” Agricultural Science Digest 29(4),254-259.
Fonjong N.M and Fongkimeh, (2007) The Fortunes and misfortunes of Women Rice Producers in Ndop, Cameroon and the Implications for Gender.
Gotschi, E., Njuki, J., & Delve, R. (2009) ‘Equal number. Equal chances? A case study of gender differences in the distribution of social capital in smallholder farmer groups in Búzi District, Mozambique’, European Journal of Development Research 21 pp. 264-282.
Gründel, S. (2009). Gender in Crop Agriculture: In Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook. The World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, and International Fund for Agricultural Development.
Gujarati, D,N.,(1995). Basic Econometrics (.3rd Edition), McGraw Hill, Inc., New York.
Gyau, A., Mbugua, M., & Oduol, J. (2016). Determinants of participation and intensity of participation in collective action: evidence from smallholder avocado farmers in Kenya. Journal on Chain and Network Science, 15(2), 1–10.
Jiggins, J., R. K. Samanta. (2000) "Improving Women Farmer's Access to Extension Services." Sustainable Development Department (SD),FAO.
Jummai H. L. (2012), Factors Influencing Hiv Positive Farmers’ Level Of Participation In Support Groups In Jema’a Local Government Area Of Kaduna State, Nigeria. M.Sc .thesis.
Kaaria, S., Osorio, M., Wagner, S., & Gallina, A. (2016). Rural women’s participation in producer organizations : An analysis of the barriers that women face and strategies to foster equitable and effective participation. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 1(2), 148–167.
Kelly, K., & Van Vlaenderen, H. (1995). Evaluating Participation Processes in Community Development. Evaluation and Program Planning, 18(4), 371–383.
Kyamanywa S., Kucel P., Kagezi G., , Nafuna K., Ssemwogerere C., Kovach J., & Erbaugh M. (2011).IPM of the white stem borer and root mealy bugs on Arabica coffee in the mt elgon region in Uganda.
La Ferrara, E. (2002). Inequality and Group Participation: Theory and Evidence from Rural Tanzania. Journal of Public Economics, 85(2), 235–273.
Manfre C. & Rubin D. (2012) ‘Integrating gender into policy research. A guide for CIFOR scientists and programme administrators’. Bogor: Center for The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) pp.84.
Martinez, T. A., & McMullin, S. L. (2004). Factors affecting decisions to volunteer in Non-Governmental Organizations(NGOs). Environment and behavior, 36(1), 112-126.
Mellouli, K., (2003) Gendered participation and water users' associations. Case studies of drinking water and Irrigation water users' associations in Tunisia. Thesis M Sc., Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
Morrison A.D, & Sinha. (2007).Gender Equity, Poverty and Economic Growth. The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper 4349
Narayan, D. (1999). Bonds and Bridges: Social Capital and Poverty. Poverty Research Working Paper No. 2167. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Nxumalo, K. K. S., & O. I. Oladele (2013). “Factors Affecting Farmers’ Participation in Agricultural Programme in Zululand District, Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africa”. Journal of Social Science 34(1), 83-88.
Oxfam (2013) ‘Women's Collective Action: unlocking the potential of agricultural markets’, An Oxfam International research report, UK: Oxfam International.
Pandofelli L., Meinzen-Dick R., & Dohrn S. (2007) ‘Gender and Collective Action: A Conceptual Framework for Analysis’, CAPRi Working Paper No. 64, Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
Pretty, J.N. (1994): Alternarive Systems of Inquiry for Sustainable Agriculture. IDS Bulletin 25(2): 37-48. Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, England.
Pretty, J. (1995). Participatory Learning for Sustainable Agriculture. World Development 23(8), 1247-1263.
Rubin, D., Manfre C., & Barrett K. N. (2009). The Greater Access to Trade Expansion (GATE) Project: Final Report. T. O. N. Project prepared under the Greater Acess To Trade Expansion (GATE) project under the Women in Development IQC Contract No. GEW-1- 00-02-00018-00. Washington, D.C., United States Agency for International Development.
Rubin, D., Manfre, C. & K.N. Barrett. (2009). Promoting Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains (Handbook). Greater Access to Trade Expansion (GATE) Project under the Women in Development IQC. USAID.
Sabates Wheeler, R. (2006). Safety in Small numbers: Local Strategy for Survival and Growth in Romania and the Kyrgyz Republic.
Smith, D.H., (1994). Determinants of voluntary association participation and volunteering: a literature review. Nonproﬁt and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 23, 243–263.
Sseguya. H. (2009). Impact of Social Capital on Food Security. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Sociology, Iowa State University, Ames, USA.
Subedi R. (2008). Women Farmers' Participation in Agriculture Training: in Kavre District of Nepal. Msc thesis-Larenstein University of Applied Sciences, Wageningen, The Netherlands Summary of Livelihood Zones, (2005). www.foodnet.cgiar.org ,accessed on 5/3/2013.
Tanwir, M., & Safdar, T. (2013). The rural woman's constraints to participation in rural organizations. Journal of International Women's Studies, 14(3), 210.
Tau & Hassen H. (2007) Gender manual. Prepared to Facilitate Gender Mainstreaming for Projects Financed by CSF.Addis Ababa. Ethiopia.
Temesgen, D., Umer H., Jamal Y. (2015). Determinants of farm women participation in agricultural extension training programs: A case from selected district of Oromia Region of Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Science Research, 4(4),067-077.
Towo. (2004). The Gender dimension of rural producers in Tanzania.
Up Hoff, N. and Wijayaratna, C. M. (2000). Demonstrated benefits from social capital: the productivity of farmer organizations in Gal Oya, Sri Lanka. World Development Vol. 28, Nº 11, 1875-1890.
Varughese, G., & Ostrom, E. (2001).The Contested role of Heterogeneity in Collective Action: Some Evidence from Community Forestry in Nepal. World Development, 29(5), 747-765.
Warner M.W., Al-Hassan R.M. & Kydd J.G. (1997) ‘Beyond Gender roles? Conceptualizing the social and economic lives of rural people in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Development and Change,28,143-168.
Weinberger, K., & Jütting, J. P. (2001). Women's Participation in Local Organizations: Conditions and Constraints. World Development, 29(8), 1391-1404.
Wooldridge, J.M. (2006) Introductory econometics: a modern approach, vol 3rd. Thomson South-Western, Mason.
World Bank (2001), World Development Report. Oxford University Press, New York.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Robert Ochago, Margaret N. Mangheni, Richard F. Miiro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.