ADOPTION OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BY LOWLAND RICE FARMERS IN LAVUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
The study examined adoption of production technologies by lowland rice farmers in Lavun Local Government Areas of Niger state. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed where a total of 181 lowland rice farmers were randomly selected by 5% proportionate to size. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Farmers’ adoption index indicated majority on relatively high scale adoption of nursery practice (81.8%), transplanting and spacing (69.1%) and harvesting (54.7%). The relatively low adopted practices by the majority were water management (76.0%), herbicide (84.0) and rate of fertilizer application (57.5%). Land preparation recorded majority (77.4%) on a medium scale basis. The study identified constraints to include: high cost and low availability of farm inputs, lack of credit facilities and infestations among others. The results of Tobit multivariate regression model indicated household size, farming experience, extension contacts, training participation and distance from market were significant (P≤0.01) determining factors influencing adoption of lowland rice production technologies; farm size and social capital were also significant (P≤0.05). Adoption of rice technology package is sustainable among the rice farmers if the constraints are overcome. It is therefore recommended that the agricultural extension agencies should give priority attention to the significant factors identified by this study while formulating development strategies and programs for different categories of farmers.
Adeniji, A. A., Voh, J.P., Atala, T.K. & Ogungbile, A.O. (2007). Adoption of improved cotton production technologies in Katsina State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science, 3(7),39 – 42.
Adesina A.A. & Baido-Forson, J. (1995). Farmers’ perception and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 13, 1-9
Ajibefun, I.A. (2006). Linking socio-economic and policy variables to technical efficiency of traditional Agricultural production: Empirical evidence from Nigeria. Paper presented at International Association of Agricultural Economists’ Conference, Gold Coast, Australia, August 12-26.
Baido-Forson, J. (1999). Factors influencing adoption of land-enhancing technology in the Sahel: lessons from a case study in Niger. Journal of Agricultural Economics,20, 231-239.
Balarabe, I.Y. (2012). Raifed lowland rice production: alternative for food security and income enhancement in Sokoto state, Nigeria. A PhD thesis Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, p 231.
Balki R. S. (2012). Effectiveness of extension services on soybean production in Lavun LGA. Niger State. MSc. Dissertation. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State p. 112.
Dereje, H. (2006). Assessment of farmers’ evaluation criteria and adoption of improved Bread wheat varieties in Akaki, central Ethiopia. Kasetsari Journal of Social Science, 33 (9), 102-110.
Dontsop N. & Diagne, A. (2010). Estimation of actual and potential adoption rate and determinants of improved rice variety among rice farmers in Nigeria. The case of NERICAs. A Contributed Paper presented at the Joint 3rd African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) and 48th Agricultural Economists Association of South Africa (AEASA) Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 19-23,75.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2011). Rice crop and Narrowing the Yield Gap. FAO Factsheet Retrieved 20th April, 2013 from http://www.fao.org/2013/en/f- sheet5.pdf.
FAOSTAT (2013): http://www. Faostat.fao.org/2013. Retrieved on 31st December, 2013.
Hossain, M., Janaiah, A., Husain, M. & Naher, F.( 2001). Rice seed delivery system in Bangladesh: Institutional and Policy Issues. Bangladesh Development Studies, 27(4), 1-40.
Idrisa Y.L., Ogumbameru, B.O. & Madueke, M.C. (2012) Logit and Tobit analysis of the determinants of likelihood of adoption and extent of adoption of improved Soybean seed in Borno state, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Science,2(2),37-40.
Jackline, B.W.(2002). Assessing factors affecting adoption of agricultural technologies: the case of integrated pest management in Kumi District, Eastern Unganda. M.Sc.thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Uganda, p.235.
Moffitt RB.(1980).The uses of Tobit analysis. Rev. Econ. Stat., 62(2),318-321.
Maiangwa, M.G., A.O. Ogungbile, J.O. Olukosi and T.K. Atala (2007). Adoption of Chemical Fertilzer for Land Management in North – West Zone of Nigeia. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 4(3),76 -84.
Mamudu, A.A., Guo E., Dadzie, S.K. (2012). Adoption of modern agricultural production technologies by farm households in Ghana: What factors influence their decission?. Journal of biology, agriculture and healthcare, 2(3),34-68.
Ogunsumi, L. O. & S.O. Ewuola. (2005). Adoption behaviour of farmers in Southwest, Nigeria: The Case of Soybean Farmers Journal of Central European Agriculture, 12(6),345-457.
Ojohomon, V.E.T., M.E. Abo, O. Ojohomon & M.N. Ukwungwu, (2006). Adoption of Recommended Management Practices in the Lowland Rice Ecology of Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 2(24), 82-89.
Rahimeto N., (2007). Determinants of improved haricot bean production package in Alaba special wored, Southern Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis (Unpublished) Presented to School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University. P.314.
Rahm M.R. & Huffman W.E. (1984). The adoption of reduced tillage: The role of human capital and other variables. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66(4), 405-413.
Richard, B.F., Danquah, J.A .& Festus, A.F. (2013). Socio-economic factors influencing adoption of Codapec and Cocoa High-tech technologies among small holder farmers in Central region of Ghana. Amaerican Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 3(2),277-292.
Roy, B.C., T.S. Bhogal & L.R. Singn, (1999). Tenancy and Adoption of New Farm Technology: A Study in West Bengal, India; Bangladesh Journal Economics, 1(19),39-49.
Sall, S., Norman, D. & Featherstone, A.M. (2002). Quantitative assessment of improved rice variety adoption: The farmers’ perspective. Agricultural systems, 66 (2), 129-144.
Singh P.K., J.G. Varshney, (2010). Adoption level and constraints in rice production technology. Indian journal of Extension and Education, 33(142), 58-63.
Tadesse, A.M. (2008). Farmers’s evaluation and adoption of improve Onion production package in Fogera District, South Gonder, Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis presented to the school of Graduate studies of Harmaya University, Ethiopia. P. 189.
Tiamiyu, S.A., A.A.Idowu & S.M.Misari (2010). Determinants of soybean adoption in Niger State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Science,15(32),152–161.
Tiamiyu, S.A.(2009). Technology adoption and productivity difference among growers of new rice for Africa in savanna zone of Nigeria. Tropicultura, 27(4),193-197.
Umar, S.I., M.A. Ndanitsa & S.R. Olaleye (2009). Adoption of improved rice production technology among youth farmers in Gbako LGA, Niger State. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 13(1), 95-10.
Umeh, G.N. & V.A. Chuckwu (2013). Determinant of adoption of improved rice production technologies in Eboyin State, Nigeria. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR), 3(3),126
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 Habibu N. Abubakar, Isa N. Kolo, Abdullahi A. Yabagi, Yahaya Garba
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.