China’s domestic waste incineration power plants have been developing for more than 30 years since 1988. The composition and calorific value of garbage, technical levels of power generation, construction standards, design concepts, planning requirements, investment models, and operation management have undergone great changes. A group of environmentally friendly investors, excellent design teams, efficient construction teams, and good operational management teams have emerged. So far, China’s waste-to-energy projects are in the world’s leading position in terms of quantity, scale, equipment capacity, and total processing capacity. A number of outstanding projects have been built, which have gradually eliminated the misunderstanding of garbage incineration among the public. Perfect planning, reasonable masterplan, novel design, good control of odor and noise, high-level technology, strict emission standards, and harmony with the surroundings, make it easier for people to accept waste-to-energy projects.