Interaction Between Mycorrhizae and Organic Amendments to Improve Growth and Phosphorus Uptake in Brinjal

Zain Mushtaq, Waheed Anwar, Karamat Ali Zohaib, Adnan Akhter, Farman Ahmad


Phosphorus (P) is the second most important macronutrient both for plants and other living organisms. However, due to its fixation with soil collides; it becomes unavailable to plants and hence cannot enter the food chain. The effect of combination of mycorrhizae and different organic amendments on P uptake and plant growth of brinjal (Solanum melongena) was evaluated in a pot trial, conducted at wire house of Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. Each treatment was composed of one type of organic amendment (i.e. farmyard manure (FYM), biogas slurry (BGS), poultry manure and compost) at the rate of 1.5% w/w and mycorrhizae. Results showed that the combined application of mycorrhizae and organic amendment improved plant growth and enhanced P uptake. Improved root length, shoot height and leaf canopy was observed in FYM+mycorrhizae and BGS+mycorrhizae combinations. Similarly, enhanced P uptake improved photosynthetic activity and high biomass was observed in BGS+mycorrhizae combinations. The use of mycorrhizae and organic amendments appeared to be efficient in improving P uptake up to 53.45% and plant growth 64.32%. It is concluded that practicing this in the field can be cost effective approach and reduce environmental risk by reducing application of chemical fertilizers.


Phosphorous; mycorrhizae; organic matter; brinjal

Full Text:



Azziz, G., Bajsa, N., Haghjou, T., Taulé, C., Valverde, Á., Igual, J.M., Arias, A., 2012. Abundance, diversity and prospecting of culturable phosphate solubilizing bacteria on soils under crop–pasture rotations in a no-tillage regime in Uruguay. Applied Soil Ecology 61, 320-326.

Babalola, O.O., Glick, B., 2012. Indigenous African agriculture and plant associated microbes: current practice and future transgenic prospects. Sci. Res. Essays 7, 2431-2439.

Bhattacharyya, P.N., Jha, D.K., 2012. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): emergence in agriculture. World Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology 28, 1327-1350.

Bücking, H., Liepold, E., Ambilwade, P., 2012. The role of the mycorrhizal symbiosis in nutrient uptake of plants and the regulatory mechanisms underlying these transport processes. Plant Sci 4, 108-132.

Celestina, C., Hunt, J.R., Sale, P.W., Franks, A.E., 2019. Attribution of crop yield responses to application of organic amendments: A critical review. Soil Tillage Research 186, 135-145.

Kang, J., Amoozegar, A., Hesterberg, D., Osmond, D., 2011. Phosphorus leaching in a sandy soil as affected by organic and incomposted cattle manure. Geoderma 161, 194-201.

Khan, M.S., Zaidi, A., Ahemad, M., Oves, M., Wani, P.A., 2010. Plant growth promotion by phosphate solubilizing fungi–current perspective. Archives of Agronomy Soil Science 56, 73-98.

Muhammad, S., Müller, T., Joergensen, R., 2008. Relationships between soil biological and other soil properties in saline and alkaline arable soils from the Pakistani Punjab. Journal of Arid Environments 72, 448-457.

Sanwal, S., Laxminarayana, K., Yadav, R., Rai, N., Yadav, D., Bhuyan, M., 2007. Effect of organic manures on soil fertility, growth, physiology, yield and quality of turmeric. Indian Journal of Horticulture 64, 444-449.

Sharma, S.B., Sayyed, R.Z., Trivedi, M.H., Gobi, T.A., 2013. Phosphate solubilizing microbes: sustainable approach for managing phosphorus deficiency in agricultural soils. Springer plus 2, 587.

Smith, S.E., Read, D., 2010. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Academic press.

Srinivasan, R., Yandigeri, M.S., Kashyap, S., Alagawadi, A.R., 2012. Effect of salt on survival and P-solubilization potential of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms from salt affected soils. Saudi journal of biological sciences 19, 427-434.

Zhu, F., Qu, L., Hong, X., Sun, X., 2011. Isolation and characterization of a phosphate-solubilizing halophilic bacterium Kushneria sp. YCWA18 from Daqiao Saltern on the coast of Yellow Sea of China. Evidence-Based Complementary Alternative Medicine.



  • There are currently no refbacks.