An outlook of socio-economic, climatic and marketing factors for mushroom cultivation in Pakistan

Rana Muhammad Sabir Tariq, Tanveer Ahmad, Shahan Aziz, Samia Sattar, Zahoor Ahmad, Waqas Ahmad


Mushroom cultivation is a promising cottage industry in Pakistan because of the abundant supply of agro wastes making it feasible for mushroom growing. Cultivation of mushroom in Pakistan remained a novice industry and its development is slow as compared to other mushroom industries in the neighboring countries such as China and India due to insufficient support from the public and private sector. Mushroom is beneficial for its medicinal benefits, providing socio-economic returns as a cottage industry and eco-friendly due to biodegradation of agricultural wastes. Pakistan has been endowed with multiple climatic zones; hence almost all types of mushrooms can be grown here that will not offer a market competition to the growers. This article highlights the important factors that enable the Pakistan as an ideal country for mushroom cultivation.


Mushroom; Production; Benefit; Environment; Climate; Social; Medicine; Pakistan

Full Text:



Chang, S.T., 1999. Global impact of edible and medicinal mushrooms on human welfare in the 21st century: nongreen revolution. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 1, 1-7.

Chang, S.T., 2006a. The world mushroom industry: Trends and technological development. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 8, 297-314.

Chang, S.T., 2006b. The need for scientific validation of culinary-medicinal mushroom products. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 8, 187-195.

Chang, S.T., 2007. Mushroom cultivation using the “ZERI” principle: potential for application in Brazil. Micologia Aplicada International 19, 33-34.

Chang, S.T., Buswell, J.A., 1996. Mushroom nutriceuticals. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 12, 473–476.

Chang, S.T., Buswell, J.A., 1999. Ganoderma lucidum (Curt.: Fr.) P. Karst. (Aphyllophoromycetideae): A mushrooming medicinal mushroom. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 1, 139-146.

Chang, S.T., Buswell, J.A., 2008. Safety, quality control and regulational aspects relating to mushroom nutriceuticals, 6th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products, GAMU Gmbh, Krefeld, Germany, pp. 188–195.

Dawn, 2013. Techniques for growing mushroom, Dawn.

Delcaire, J.R., 1978. Economics of cultivated mushrooms, in: Chang, S.T., Hayes, H.A. (Eds.), The biology and cultivation of edible mushrooms. Elsevier, pp. 727-793.

FAO, 2009. Food and Agriculture retrieved on 24th July, 2020.

FAO, 2017. Mushroom exports. Food and Agriculture Organization.

FAO, 2018. Mushroom production. Food and Agriculture Organization.

Hano, A., 2015. Mushroom industry in Pakistan: Problems, progress and prospects.

Iqbal, M., 1991. Non-timber forest products: their income-generation potential for rural women in North West Frontier Province (Pakistan), International Labor Organization and Government of NWFP. Peshawar, Pakistan.

Jiskani, M.M., 2001. Energy potential of mushrooms, The Dawn Economic and Business Review, pp. 15-21.

Kaiser, C., Ernst, M., 2016. Truffles & Other Edible Mycorrhizal Mushrooms, in: Profile, C.f.C.D.C. (Ed.). College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Kentucky University of Kentucky

Liu, J., Kurashiki, K., Fukuta, A., Kaneko, S., Suimi, Y., Shimizu, K., Kondo, R., 2012. Quantitative determination of the representative triterpenoids in the extracts of Ganoderma lucidum with different growth stages using high-performance liquid chromatography for evaluation of their 5α-reductase inhibitory properties. Food Chemistry 133, 1034-1038.

OpenPR, 2020. Mushroom Cultivation Market 2020-2025: Monaghan Mushrooms, Walsh Mushrooms Group, Mycelia, South Mill Mushrooms Sales, Smithy Mushrooms Ltd, Rheinische PilzZentrale GmbH, Italspwan, Hirano Mushroom LLC, Fujishukin Co. Ltd and Others. openPR, England.

Pauli, G., 1996. Breakthroughs: what business can offer society., Epsilon Press, Surrey, UK.

Stamets, P., 2005. Mycelium running: How mushroom can help save the world. Berkeley and Toronto, Ten Speed Press, p. 574.

Sultana, K., Shinwari, Z.K., Iftikhar, F., 2007. Diversity of edible mushrooms in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 20, 88-91.

Tahir, A., Hassan, S., 2013. Economic feasibility of small scale button mushroom production in pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 26, 237-244.

Tam, N.T., Tuyen, P.T.K., 2015. The effective Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) extracts on the growth and survival rate of the snake-head (Channa striata). Hue University Journal of Science 98.

Yao, Q.Z., Yu, M.M., Ooi, L.S., Ng, T.B., Chang, S.T., Sun, S.S., Ooi, V.E., 1998. Isolation and characterization of a type 1 ribosome-inactivating protein from fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom (Volvariella volvacea). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46, 788-792.


  • There are currently no refbacks.