Uses of Ethnomedicinal Plants for the Treatment of Ulcer in Pakistan

Munzer Ullah, Maliha Sarfraz, Hayat Ullah, Zia ur Rehman, Zarif Gul, Misbah Ullah Khan, Rashid Iqbal, Maheen Kanwal, Nadia Nadeem, Amir Sohail, Ghazala Arshad


The main objective of the study is to summarize the uses of plants by local communities in Pakistan for the treatment of ulcer. In the present review, the data regarding antiulcerogenic plants were collected by searching different online data banks various research publications, PubMed, different books, thesis copies from libraries, and other national organizations. In the current review article, a total of 109 species belonging to 55 families were found to be used against ulcer treatment. Among these Asteraceae was the predominant family containing (11species) followed by Fabaceae (6 species), Asclepiadaceae (5 species), Chenopodiaceae (5 species), Pinaceae (5 species), Brassicaceae (4 species), Polygonaceae (4 species), and, so on. The highest number species used were herbaceous (67.88 %) followed by trees (17.43 %) and shrubs (14.67 %). The majority of the plants reported have significant and useful properties, but certain are cited in several papers that have sparked interest in further pharmacological research. It was occluded that whole plant and anthropogenic activities can make special interest to be exploited sustainably.


Ulcer treatment; Ethnomedicinal plants; Pharmacological research; Anthropogenic activities

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