Banana Cellulosic Fiber: A Natural Innovative and Sustainable Bio-Resource for Eco-Friendly Industrial Applications

Shaukat Ali Abro, Nisar Ahmed, Juma Khan, Shazia Parveen, Hamz Ali, Mumtaz Ali, Dhani Bux, Sameer Ali, Sana Liakat, Shahzeb ., Anwar Ali


Growing concern about changing climate triggered by global warming, agro-waste disposal and synthetic non-renewable products are major challenges. World is moving from non-degradable and no-renewable, bio-degradable recyclable sustainable substitutions. Thus, there is increasing demand for natural fibers to substitute altered fiber with organic plant fibers like banana tree. After fruit cutting huge banana biomass is leftover in the field with mean biomass generated by a single pseudostem is around1.44 (±0.6) kg on dry weight basis and half ton of banana waste emitted about 0.5-ton CO2 and burring caused global warming. This also badly affects the air quality index AQI (to measure the air pollution levels) by spreading fume mist affecting human and livestock health. A lignocellulose bio-fiber is extracted through raspador machine mechanically. The extracted fiber was processed with 1M NaOH at 80°C for 90 minutes for decontamination. We produced innovative green textile industrial & cottage cellulosic organic banana pseudo-stem fiber. It has good spin able quality, durable, antibacterial attributes, and low weightage, absorption of moisture quality morphological and thermal characteristics. Its physico-chemical dynamics ie; fineness tex 3-7 strength bundle tex 20-30 level of moisture 10-11 and density 1.35 (g/cm3) staple Length 10-50 (cm) L/D ratio 150. Strength of tensile (MPa) 600-800. Elongation at break 3-9 (%). The banana fiber is best for potential materials for textile paper food and cottage, medical usage and eco and environment friendly wrapping industry. A novel eco-green technique could boost livelihood of the rural marginalized farmers with value added bio-products by value chain creating system to enhance circular economic wellbeing.


Banana fiber; Recycling agro waste; Climate change; Bio-circular economy

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