Dynamics of Regional Integration in Central Asia: A Case Study of Belt and Road Initiative

Najam Us Saqib, Manzoor Ahmad Naazer


In today’s globalized world, it has become a necessary norm to be part of a regional integration process for neighbouring countries in any region of the world. Central Asia is a good example to understand with its rich past and unexplored perspective. This phenomenon can be better understood by examining the quest of Central Asian republics (CARs) for regional integration and the role of BRI in this process. ‎For that, this paper explores the historical dynamics and drivers of regional integration in Central Asia with a special focus on the role of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which aims to improve regional infrastructure, commerce, and investment, has the potential to redefine the direction of regional integration in Central Asia in the face of shifting global power dynamics. Furthermore, Liberal Intergovernmental theory helps explain the Central Asian   Republics’ core actions and the impact of their domestic policies providing a details view of what drives regional integration in Central Asia. The study explores the historical dynamics and drivers of regional integration in Central Asia, focusing on the role of the BRI in reshaping these dynamics at domestic and external levels, using qualitative and thematic analysis of secondary sources.


Central Asia; Central Asian Republics; BRI; Regional Integration; Liberal Intergovernmentalism Theory; States; China; Russia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/jsas.011.03.4981


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Journal of South Asian Studies
ISSN: 2307-4000 (Online), 2308-7846 (Print)
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