Micronutrient Status and their Deficiency Diagnosed through DRIS in Tomato Growing Areas

Rabia Manzoor, Mohammad Saleem Akhtar, Khalid Saifullah Khan, Carl Rosen


The nutritional imbalances in tomato plants determined on the basis of soil and plant tests with interpretations on the critical nutrient level are less well correlated with the corresponding crop yields. Nutrient imbalance in tomatoes yield was assessed using Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) approach was more efficient. The study objectives were to evaluate micronutrient status in tomato growing areas and determine the nutrient(s) limiting tomato yield and establish DRIS norms for micronutrients for tomato crop. Twenty-six tomato fields from Chatter plain (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), and Sheikupura (Punjab) were collected with soil, accompanying leaf index tissue and tomato yield was recorded. Tomato yield data were recorded and divided into high- (≥3.90 kg per 10 plants) and low- yield (<3.95 kg per 10 plants) populations. DRIS analysis identified a deficiency of iron in the tomato production areas. Norms established through DRIS can be used for potential tomato yield.


Tomato; Deficiency; Micronutrients; DRIS

Full Text:



Abd El-Rheem, K.M., M. Entsar, A. Hayam and A. Mahdy. 2015. Preliminary DRIS Norms for evaluating the nutritional status for tomato crop. Advances in Agriculture Biology, 4:50_53.

Arain, M.Y., K.S. Memon, M.S. Akhtar and M. Memon. 2017. Soil and plant nutrient status and spatial variability for sugarcane in lower Sindh (Pakistan). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 49:531-540.

Bailey, J.S., J.A.M. Beattie and D.J. Kilpatrick. 1997. The Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) for diagnosing the nutrient status of grassland swards: I. Model establishment. Plant and Soil, 197:127-135.

Beaufils, E. and M. Sumner. 1977. Effect of time of sampling on the diagnosis of the N, P, K, Ca, and Mg requirements of sugarcane by the DRIS approach. In Proceedings of The South African Sugar Technologists Association, 62-67.

Campbell, C.R. 2000. Sufficiency ranges for plant analysis: Tomato, Greenhouse. (SCSB #394).

Combs, S.M. and M.V. Nathan. 1998. Soil Organic Matter. In: Brown, J.R., Ed., Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region, NCR Publication No. 221, Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station SB 1001, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, 6:53-58.

Fageria, V. 2001. Nutrient interactions in crop plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24:1269-1290.

Fassel, V.A., and R.N. Kniseley. 1974. Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry, 46:1110A-1120A.

Golia, E.E., A. Dimirkou and I.K. Mitsios. 2008. Influence of some soil parameters on heavy metals accumulation by vegetables grown in agricultural soils of different soil orders. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 81:80-84.

Hockman, J., J. Burger and D.W. Smith. 1989. A DRIS application to Fraser fir Christmas trees. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20:305-318.

Memon, M., G.M. Jamro, N.U.N. Memon, K.S. Memon and M.S. Akhtar. 2012. Micronutrient availability assessment of tomato grown in Taluka Badin, Sindh. Pakistan. Journal of Botany, 44:649-654.

Mousavi, S.R., M. Galavi and M. Rezaei. 2012. The interaction of zinc with other elements in plants: a review. International Journal of Agriculture Crop Science, 4: 1881-1884.

Munter, R.C. and R.A. Grande. 1981. Plant tissue and soil extract analysis by ICP-AES. In R. M. Barnes (ed.) Development in atomic plasma spectrochemical analysis, 4:653-673.

Passam, H.C., I.C. Karapanos, P.J. Bebeli and D. Savvas. 2007. A review of recent research on tomato nutrition, breeding and post-harvest technology with reference to fruit quality. European Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology, 1:1-21.

Patil, B.C., R.M. Hosamani, P.S. Ajjappalavara, B.H. Naik, R.P. Smitha and K.C. Ukkund. 2008. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth and yield components of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21:428-430.

Rafique, E., A. Rashid, J. Ryan and A.U. Bhatti. 2006. Zinc deficiency in rainfed wheat in Pakistan: Magnitude, spatial variability, management, and plant analysis diagnostic norms. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 37: 181-197.

Rashid, A. 1996. Soils: Basic concepts and principles. In: Soil oil Science. National Book Foundation, Islamabad, 4:3-23.

Rashid, A., and J. Ryan. 2004. Micronutrient constraints to crop production in soils with Mediterranean-type characteristics: a review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27:959-975.

Sainju, U.M., R. Dris and B. Singh. 2003. Mineral nutrition of tomato. Food, Agriculture and Environment, 1:176-183.

Shafiq, M., A. Mangrio and A. Shaheen. 2005. The nature and severity of nutrient deficiencies in typical water-eroded soils in Pothwar plateau. Soil and Environment, 24:75-83.

Soil, and Plant Analysis Council. (1992). Soil analysis: Handbook of reference methods, Athens, Gorgia, USA, 3:34-56.

Soltanpour, P.N. 1985. Use of ammonium bicarbonate DTPA soil test to evaluate elemental availability and toxicity. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 16:323-338.

Wadt, P.G.S. 2009. Análise foliar como ferramenta para recomendação de adubação. In Congresso Brasileiro De Ciência Do Solo, 32.

Walworth, J. and M. Sumner. 1987. The diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS). In Advances in Soil Science, 5:149-188.

Watson, M.E. and J.R. Brown. 1998. pH and lime requirement. In: Brown, J.R., Ed., Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region. NCR Research Publication, University of Missouri, Columbia, 5:13-16.

Whitney, D.A. 1998. Micronutrient soil tests for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. In Recommended Chemical Soil Test Procedures for the North central region. 9:42-44.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/jpe.004.01.4220


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Rabia Manzoor, Mohammad Saleem Akhtar, Khalid Saifullah Khan, Carl Rosen

Journal of Plant and Environment
ISSN: 2710-1665 (Online), 2710-1657 (Print)
© EScience Press. All Rights Reserved.