Mohamed Chouchaine, Ahmed G. Abdellaoui, Imen Hmidi, Naima Barbouche, Abdellah Khemiri


The modelling of the respiration of the individual Tunisian bee was studied for two variants, the short one P0Q with two haplotypes A1 and A8 and the medium-sized one P0QQ with two haplotypes A4 and A9. This work studied the evolution of the oxygen consumption of 250 bees of each haplotype under different temperatures of 0, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35°C during 10 minutes. This study shows that the triggering of the thermogenesis process depends on temperature (T) and variant. The medium-sized variant P0QQ consumes more oxygen than the short one in low temperatures of 0°and 10°C. It was proved that for the two variants there was a difference of 5°C in the temperatures for the triggering of thermogenesis. After this activation, the physiological reaction of the individual bee is inversely proportional to temperature. Two mathematical equations have been established for the modelling of the respiration of Apis mellifera intermissa in its stand- alone state. The theoretical work confirms the experimental work with percentage of 92 (±5) % according to the temperatures being tested.


Tunisian bee; variant; respiration; modelling

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