Terms of use

By using the EScience Press or journal websites you agree to be bound by these terms of use which form a binding contract between you and EScience Press. You also confirm that you understand that these terms must be read and understood in unification with our Privacy Policy and Editorial Policy.

Other sites owned by EScience Press refer to this website as their source of policies and terms of use (collectively hereafter called “EScience Press journals websites”).

Certain parts of the EScience Press websites may be subject to registration with additional terms of use, which will be made available for you to read at the time of registration.

Unless otherwise indicated, the EScience Press websites and its contents are the property of EScience Press. The copyright in the material contained on the EScience Press websites belongs to EScience Press. The trademark appearing on the EScience Press websites is protected by the laws of Pakistan and the international trademark laws. Save as expressly set out herein, no license is granted in respect of any intellectual property rights vested in EScience Press.

Articles published by EScience Press marked ‘open access’ are licensed by the respective authors of such articles for publication by EScience Press, and use and distribution by you, subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, unless specified otherwise.

With the exception of material marked ‘open access’, which may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution license, you may not redistribute any of the content of any EScience Press websites or create a database in electronic form or manually by downloading and storing any such content without the prior authorization of EScience Press.

With the exception of material that is marked ‘open access’, which may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution license, you may link to but not replicate the content on any EScience Press websites, provided you do not create a frame or any other bordered environment around the content and provided that any such linking does not imply any endorsement of any product or services, and provided further that the website linking to any EScience Press website does not contain any intellectual property right, including without limitation copyright, trademark, design right or patent, infringing, distasteful or offensive material. EScience Press reserves the right to require you to remove any link to any EScience Press website.

The EScience Press websites, with their content, are provided for use ‘as is’. EScience Press makes no representations or warranties with respect to the content of these sites. All warranties express or implied, including without limitation the implied warranties of merchantability, satisfactory quality and fitness for purpose relating to the sites and/or their content and/or any website linked to be hereby to the fullest extent permitted by law. No representations or warranties are given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information provided on EScience Press websites, or any website to which they are linked.

In no event shall EScience Press or its employees, agents, suppliers or contractors be liable for any damages of any nature, including without limitation any consequential loss, loss of income or profit, loss of or damage to property, claims of third parties, or any other loss, cost, claim or expense of any kind or character arising out of or in connection with the use of EScience Press websites, its content or any website with which they are linked. This exclusion and limitation only applies to the extent permitted by law and does not apply to liability for death or personal injury caused by the negligence of EScience Press, its employees, agents, suppliers or contractors.

EScience Press reserves the right to change these terms of use by posting changes on this page of the EScience Press website. You will be deemed to have accepted such changes if you use the EScience Press websites, after EScience Press has published the amended terms of use on this page of the EScience Press website.